Arcturus, the brightest star in the constellation Botes and one of the brightest stars in the night sky. Arcturus is a giant orange-colored star with a diameter about 25 times that of the sun. The surface temperature of Arcturus is only 7,000 F. (3,870 C.), some 3,000 F. (1,670 C.) less than the sun's surface temperature. Because of its size, however, Arcturus gives off more than 100 times as much light and heat as the sun. Arcturus is approximately 36 light-years from the earth. It has an apparent magnitude of -0.1 and an absolute magnitude of -0.3.
The sun warms our planet every day, provides the light by which we see and is necessary for life on Earth. But what is it exactly, and what will happen when it burns itself out?
Asteroid belts aren't quite the dense fields of gigantic spinning rocks that you may have seen in a "Star Wars" film, but they're still fascinating. In fact, the main asteroid belt may tell us how our entire solar system came into existence.