Canopus, the second brightest star in the night sky. (Sirius is the brightest.) Canopus is in the constellation Carina. The star is visible in the southern United States and elsewhere below 37 north latitude. Canopus has an apparent magnitude of -0.72 and an absolute magnitude of approximately -3.5. It is approximately 115 light-years from the earth.
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Venus is the second planet from the sun, and is about the same size as Earth. It is a terrestrial planet, meaning it has a solid surface. But the harsh conditions on Venus make it very inhospitable. Two spacecraft, Pioneer Venus 1 and Magellan, were able to penetrate the thick atmosphere of this planet.
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