Cohn, Ferdinand Julius (1828–1898), a German botanist, often called the founder of bacteriology. He was born in Breslau, Germany. In 1859 he became professor of botany at Breslau University. Cohn recognized bacteria as plants and developed the theory that bacteria could cause infectious disease. He helped the German bacteriologist Robert Koch prepare his report on anthrax in 1876. This was the first comprehensive case history of a bacterial disease.
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Merrifield, Robert Bruce (1921-) is an American biochemist who won the 1984 Nobel Prize in chemistry for his method of producing peptides and proteins.
Chain, Sir Ernst Boris (1906-1979), a British biochemist. In the late 1930's, he and the British pathologist Howard W.