Carson, Rachel (Louise) (1907–1964), a United States biologist and writer. Silent Spring (1962) warns of the dangers of the indiscriminate use of chemical pesticides. The book provoked controversy and helped to launch widespread interest in the problems of environmental pollution. The Sea Around Us (1951), a sensitive and poetic account of animal and plant life in the sea and on its shores, received the National Book Award in 1951.

Rachel Carson was born in Springdale, Pennsylvania. She graduated from Pennsylvania College for Women (now Chatham College) in 1929 and received an M.A. degree from Johns Hopkins University in 1932. She also studied at the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole, Massachusetts. She was editor in chief of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service publications, 1936–52.

Her other books include: Under the Sea-Wind (1941); The Edge of the Sea (1956); and A Sense of Wonder (1965).