Porphyry, any igneous rock consisting of large crystals in a mass of much smaller crystals. The large and small crystals usually are of different minerals; the rock is generally named according to its major component (for example: granite porphyry). When cut and polished, porphyry has a beautiful pattern and contrast of colors. It is used for tombstones and ornamental panels.
The Smithsonian Institution began with an unexpected donation and has now grown to a massive collection of American artifacts. The Smithsonian is world renowned for its museum and for scientific endeavors. Take this quiz and learn more about the famous Smithsonian Institution.
We've all heard about this prestigious prize, but why is it such an honor, exactly? Learn the history and process of the awards and the winners, and see what makes the Nobel Prize such a distinguished accomplishment.