Scab, a plant disease; also, the roughened crustlike area on the plant surface resulting from the disease. The disease is caused by various parasitic fungi, each of which usually infects only one kind of plant. Agricultural commodities susceptible to the disease include apples, avocados, barley, cucumbers, peaches, pecans, potatoes, and wheat. Spraying with fungicides and the use of disease-resistant varieties are common methods of prevention and control, but scab is difficult to control once it has taken hold.
The Smithsonian Institution began with an unexpected donation and has now grown to a massive collection of American artifacts. The Smithsonian is world renowned for its museum and for scientific endeavors. Take this quiz and learn more about the famous Smithsonian Institution.
We've all heard about this prestigious prize, but why is it such an honor, exactly? Learn the history and process of the awards and the winners, and see what makes the Nobel Prize such a distinguished accomplishment.