Plant terms are words and phrases that are used in botany. Plant terms describe plant life, growth, structure and classification. Knowing and understanding plant terms is vital to the study of botany.



Wilt, a group of plant diseases that cause leaves to shrivel. Wilt is caused by drought, by excessive transpiration (evaporation of moisture from plant cells) on hot days, by damage to roots and stems, and by bacteria and fungi that block the moisture-carrying tissues in plants.

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  • Bulb

    Bulb, in common usage, an underground stem bearing scales (modified leaves) and one or more buds. See more »

  • Carnivorous plant
    Carnivorous plant

    Carnivorous (or Insectivorous,)Plants, plants that capture insects for use as food. See more »

  • Chlorophyll

    Chlorophyll, the green pigment (coloring matter) found in all food-making organisms. See more »

  • Citrus Fruits
    Citrus Fruits

    Citrus Fruits, a group of edible fruits of the rue family. These fruits are an excellent source of vitamin C. See more »

  • Cleome

    Cleome, a genus of annual herbs and shrubs that produce clusters of strong-smelling flowers. See more »

  • Club moss
    Club moss

    Club Moss, the common name for a family of small, trailing evergreen plants. Club mosses are found in North America, Europe, and Asia. See more »

  • Cobaea

    Cobaea, a genus of annual vines of the phlox family. The plants are native to tropical America, where the vine may grow to be 20 feet (6 m) tall. See more »

  • Cold Frame
    Cold Frame

    Cold Frame, a device used to protect seedlings or to start seeds growing in the early spring. See more »

  • Conservatory

    Conservatory, a glass-enclosed room or building where plants, usually of rare or exotic varieties, are grown and displayed. See more »

  • Copal

    Copal, a hard, clear, amberlike substance secreted by the sapwood and inner bark of certain trees. See more »

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