Plant terms are words and phrases that are used in botany. Plant terms describe plant life, growth, structure and classification. Knowing and understanding plant terms is vital to the study of botany.


Rust and Smut, plant diseases caused by a number of parasitic types of fungi and funguslike protists.

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  • Copal


    Copal, a hard, clear, amberlike substance secreted by the sapwood and inner bark of certain trees. See more »

  • Damping-off


    Damping-off, a disease of seeds, seedlings, and cuttings that can occur when the soil is overwatered or when the seeds are planted too close together. See more »

  • Drupe


    Drupe, a fleshy fruit that develops from a single ovary and contains one or more seeds enclosed within a hard pit, or stone, in the fruit's center. See more »

  • Epiphyte


    Epiphyte, any plant that grows on and is supported by another object, but does not receive nourishment from it. See more »

  • Fauna


    Fauna, the animal life of a given region, or the animal life of a certain geological period. See more »

  • Floriculture


    Floriculture, the cultivation of ornamental flowering plants. The term is applied particularly to commercial flower growing. See more »

  • Flower Show

    Flower Show

    Flower Show, an exhibit in which flowering plants and foliage plants are displayed according to rules set by a governing committee. See more »

  • Gall


    Gall, an abnormal growth or swelling on a tree or other plant. Galls may occur on the leaves, bark, stems, or roots. See more »

  • Gum


    Gum, a sticky substance taken from plants. Gums are taken from the seeds of some plants, from the dried exudates (discharges) of other plants, and from the cell walls or tubers of a few plants. See more »

  • Gum Resin

    Gum Resin

    Gum Resin, a natural mixture of gum and resin that is obtained from the leaves and bark of certain plants. See more »

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