Plant terms are words and phrases that are used in botany. Plant terms describe plant life, growth, structure and classification. Knowing and understanding plant terms is vital to the study of botany.


Sap, the watery juice of plants. Sap is mostly water in which minerals and certain foods are dissolved.

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  • Stem


    Stem, a plant organ that typically grows above ground and bears leaves, buds, and flowers. See more »

  • Succulent


    Succulent, a plant with fleshy leaves or stems capable of storing large amounts of water. See more »

  • Tracheophyte


    Tracheophyte, a member of the largest and most varied group of plants. Tracheophytes are also called vascular plants, because they have vascular, or conductive, tissues. See more »

  • Tragacanth


    Tragacanth, a gum obtained from certain thorny shrubs of the arid regions of western Asia and southeastern Europe. See more »

  • Vine


    Vine, a plant with a trailing or climbing stem. A trailing stem is one that grows along the ground; it is too weak to stand upright and does not have any means of climbing. See more »

  • Water plants

    Water plants

    Water (or Aquatic) Plants, plants that live in water. Some plants live submerged in water, either fixed in place or freely floating. See more »

  • Wilt


    Wilt, a group of plant diseases that cause leaves to shrivel. Wilt is caused by drought, by excessive transpiration (evaporation of moisture from plant cells) on hot days, by damage to roots and stems, and by bacteria and fungi that block the moisture-carrying tissues in plants. See more »

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