Plant terms are words and phrases that are used in botany. Plant terms describe plant life, growth, structure and classification. Knowing and understanding plant terms is vital to the study of botany.



Bran, the outer layers of cereal grains (such as wheat and oats). Bran is a good source of carbohydrates, calcium, phosphorus, and fiber.

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  • Rot

    Rot, the common name of a number of diseases of animals and plants. Rot disease of sheep, which also occurs in other animals and sometimes human beings, is caused by a fluke, a parasitic flatworm, that infests the liver. See more »

  • Rust

    Rust and Smut, plant diseases caused by a number of parasitic types of fungi and funguslike protists. See more »

  • Sap

    Sap, the watery juice of plants. Sap is mostly water in which minerals and certain foods are dissolved. See more »

  • Succulent

    Succulent, a plant with fleshy leaves or stems capable of storing large amounts of water. See more »

  • Tracheophyte

    Tracheophyte, a member of the largest and most varied group of plants. Tracheophytes are also called vascular plants, because they have vascular, or conductive, tissues. See more »

  • Tragacanth

    Tragacanth, a gum obtained from certain thorny shrubs of the arid regions of western Asia and southeastern Europe. See more »

  • Wilt

    Wilt, a group of plant diseases that cause leaves to shrivel. Wilt is caused by drought, by excessive transpiration (evaporation of moisture from plant cells) on hot days, by damage to roots and stems, and by bacteria and fungi that block the moisture-carrying tissues in plants. See more »

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