10 Futuristic Construction Technologies


8
Transparent Aluminum
Transparent aluminum could be used to construct towering glass-walled skyscrapers that required less internal support. claser/E+/Getty Images
Transparent aluminum could be used to construct towering glass-walled skyscrapers that required less internal support. claser/E+/Getty Images

For decades, chemical engineers have dreamed of a material that combines the strength and durability of metal with the crystal-clear purity of glass. Such a "clear metal" could be used to construct towering glass-walled skyscrapers that require less internal support. Secure military buildings could install thin transparent metal windows impervious to the highest-caliber artillery fire. And think of the monstrous aquarium you could build with this stuff!

Back in the 1980s, scientists began experimenting with a novel type of ceramic made from a powdery mix of aluminum, oxygen and nitrogen. A ceramic is any hard, usually crystalline material that's made by a process of heating and cooling. In this case, the aluminum powder is placed under immense pressure, heated for days at 2,000 degrees C (3,632 degrees F) and finally polished to produce a perfectly clear, glass-like material with the strength of aluminum [source: Ragan].

Known as transparent aluminum, or ALON, the space-age material is already being used by the military for making armored windows and optical lenses.