Cairngorm, (also called Scottish topaz or smoky quartz), a smoky, yellow-brown variety of quartz. It is named for the Cairngorm Mountains of Scotland. The stone is highly prized in Scotland and is used for various ornamental purposes. Its value depends on transparency and shading. The mineral has been found in Great Britain, Siberia, Spain, and Switzerland, and near Pikes Peak, Colorado.
Over the years, archaeologists have excavated an abundance of important fossils from the La Brea Tar Pits, also known as Rancho La Brea. How knowledgeable are you about this prehistoric place of many a mammoth's demise?
A sculpted mammoth shows visitors to the La Brea Tar Pits what these ancient animals might have looked like, but the pits themselves have looked the same for thousands of years. How did they form, and what discoveries lie beneath the sticky surface?