Ganymede, a satellite of the planet Jupiter. With a diameter of 3,270 miles (5,260 km), Ganymede is the largest satellite in the solar system, and is larger than the planet Mercury. Its surface is composed of ice and has distinct dark and light areas. The dark areas are heavily cratered and the light areas are covered by long, parallel channels. Ganymede was discovered by Galileo Galilei in 1610.