Cane, the name of certain species of bamboo. The one most common in the United States is southern cane, or cane reed, which grows in almost impassable thickets called canebrakes. It is found from Virginia southward. The stem is 10 to 25 feet (3 to 7.5 m) high, and the leaves are about 12 inches (30 cm) long with rough, cutting edges. It is used for fishing poles. Unlike tropical bamboo, cane grows in temperate climates and does not have a woody stem. Asiatic species are sometimes planted for ornament in the South.

Southern cane is Arundinaria gigantea of the grass family, Gramineae.