Caraway, an herb grown chiefly for its spicy fruits. It is native to Europe, and is cultivated there and in the United States. It is related to the carrot and parsnip. The caraway reaches a height of about two feet (60 cm). It bears small heads of white or pinkish flowers. The tiny oval fruits, commonly called “seeds,” are used to flavor bread, cakes, cheese, and other foods. The fruits are distilled with alcohol to make the liqueur kümmel. Caraway oil is used to flavor mouthwashes and to scent perfumes and soap. The oil is also used in medicines to relieve indigestion.

Caraway is Carum carvi of the family Umbelliferae.