Carnation, a fragrant flower belonging to the pink family. It is native to southern Europe and has been cultivated for more than 2,000 years. The Greeks called it dianthus, divine flower. The name carnation (meaning flesh-colored) refers to the original color of the flower. Cross-breeding has produced many other colors and shades, including white, pink, red, and yellow.
There are over 500 varieties of carnation. In commercial varieties, the flowers are usually doubled over and fringed. Sometimes the petals are striped or edged with contrasting colors. Carnations are usually propagated by cuttings.
The carnation is Dianthus caryophyllus of the family Caryophyllaceae.Carnations are tall flowers with large blossoms in a variety of colors.