Eggplant, an herb related to the potato. Its fruit is eaten fried and in vegetable stews and casseroles. The fruit, which may be up to one foot (30 cm) long, is purplish-black, creamy white, yellow, or brown. It is commonly round or egg-shaped, although oval, oblong, and pear-shaped varieties are also grown. The plant grows to a height of six feet (1.8 m). It bears large, hairy leaves and lavender flowers with yellow centers. The plant, which is native to India, thrives in well-drained soil in tropical and warm temperate regions.
Eggplant is Solanum melongena of the nightshade family, Solanaceae.