Figwort, a group of about 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and small trees. Many figworts contain a bitter juice, which is poisonous in some species. The flowers of the figwort are generally tubular, and have two lips. The upper lip is divided into two lobes, and the lower lip is divided into three.
The common figwort of Europe and Asia was formerly supposed to be a cure for scrofula, a form of tuberculosis. Leaves of the foxglove (digitalis) are used to treat certain heart diseases. Many figworts are both wildflowers and cultivated garden plants. Among these are foxgloves, snapdragons, mulleins, beardtongues, speedwells, and toadflaxes.
Figworts belong to the family Scrophulariaceae. The common figwort is Scrophularia nodosa; foxglove, Digitalis purpurea. Snapdragons belong to the genus Antirrhinum ; mulleins, Verbascum; beard-tongues, Penstemon; speedwells, Veronica ; toadflaxes, Linaria.