Herbs and spices are used to flavor food. Herbs are plants lacking permanent woody stems and are valued for qualities such as medicinal properties, flavor and scent. Spices are made from vegetative substances such as seeds, roots and barks.


Rhizome, or Rootstock, a fleshy horizontal underground stem of some perennial herbs.

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  • Sesame


    Sesame, an annual herb native to tropical Asia and Africa. There are about 30 species of sesame, but only one is cultivated, primarily for its seeds. See more »

  • Spearmint


    Spearmint, a perennial, aromatic herb native to the temperate regions of Europe and Asia. See more »

  • Balm


    Balm, a perennial sweet herb belonging to the mint family. It is also known as bee balm and, because of the aromatic lemon flavor of its leaves, lemon balm. See more »

  • Calendula


    Calendula, or Pot Marigold, a flower of the composite family. The calendula is a popular garden and house plant. See more »

  • Caraway


    Caraway, an herb grown chiefly for its spicy fruits. It is native to Europe, and is cultivated there and in the United States. See more »

  • Cardamom


    Cardamom, or Cardamon, a fragrant tropical herb; also, its fruit and seeds. The plant grows to a height of 10 feet (3 m) and bears leaves that are 2 feet (60 cm) long. See more »

  • Catnip


    Catnip, or Catmint, a plant of the mint family. It originally came from Europe, and now is found throughout North America in shady spots around farm buildings and under pasture fences. See more »

  • Chervil


    Chervil, the name given to two types of edible plants of the carrot family. Both have small white flowers clustered at the ends of several stems. See more »

  • Cineraria


    Cineraria, a perennial herb cultivated for its flowers and foliage. The flowers are purplish-red and the leaves are oval-shaped, hairy, and gray. See more »

  • Coriander


    Coriander, a plant of the parsley family. It grows one to three feet (30 to 90 cm) tall, with feathery leaves. See more »

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