Herbs and spices are used to flavor food. Herbs are plants lacking permanent woody stems and are valued for qualities such as medicinal properties, flavor and scent. Spices are made from vegetative substances such as seeds, roots and barks.


Cinnamon, a tropical evergreen tree, related to the laurel. The bark is the source of a spice (also called cinnamon) and contains cinnamic aldehyde, an oil that is extracted and used as a flavoring, in medicine, and in perfume.

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  • Coriander


    Coriander, a plant of the parsley family. It grows one to three feet (30 to 90 cm) tall, with feathery leaves. See more »

  • Figwort


    Figwort, a group of about 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and small trees. Many figworts contain a bitter juice, which is poisonous in some species. See more »

  • Ginger


    Ginger, a flowering herb native to Southeast Asia; also, the spice or seasoning obtained from it. See more »

  • Ginseng


    Ginseng, a perennial herb of eastern Asia and North America. Ginseng has an upright, unbranched stem about two feet (60 cm) high with three leaves at the top, each composed of five thin, pointed leaflets. See more »

  • Horehound


    Horehound, or Hoarhound, a perennial herb of the mint family. The name means “hoary (whitish) plant.” There are more than 30 species. See more »

  • Ironweed


    Ironweed, a genus of tall, coarse herbs. About 10 species grow wild along roadsides and in neglected fields of the eastern and southern United States. See more »

  • Lavender


    Lavender, a small shrub native to the Mediterranean region and widely grown for its fragrant flowers. See more »

  • Nutmeg


    Nutmeg, the seed of a tropical tree. The tree is also called nutmeg, as is a spice obtained from the seed. See more »

  • Oswego Tea

    Oswego Tea

    Oswego Tea (also called Bee Balm and Sweet Bergamot), a perennial herb of the mint family. See more »

  • Pennyroyal


    Pennyroyal, the name of two aromatic herbs. The European, or garden, pennyroyal, native to Europe, and sometimes cultivated in the United States, is a low-growing perennial plant with small bluish flowers. See more »

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