HERBS & SPICES

Herbs and spices are used to flavor food. Herbs are plants lacking permanent woody stems and are valued for qualities such as medicinal properties, flavor and scent. Spices are made from vegetative substances such as seeds, roots and barks.

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Cardamom

Cardamom, or Cardamon, a fragrant tropical herb; also, its fruit and seeds. The plant grows to a height of 10 feet (3 m) and bears leaves that are 2 feet (60 cm) long.

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  • Coriander
    Coriander

    Coriander, a plant of the parsley family. It grows one to three feet (30 to 90 cm) tall, with feathery leaves. See more »

  • Figwort
    Figwort

    Figwort, a group of about 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and small trees. Many figworts contain a bitter juice, which is poisonous in some species. See more »

  • Ginger
    Ginger

    Ginger, a flowering herb native to Southeast Asia; also, the spice or seasoning obtained from it. See more »

  • Ginseng
    Ginseng

    Ginseng, a perennial herb of eastern Asia and North America. Ginseng has an upright, unbranched stem about two feet (60 cm) high with three leaves at the top, each composed of five thin, pointed leaflets. See more »

  • Horehound
    Horehound

    Horehound, or Hoarhound, a perennial herb of the mint family. The name means “hoary (whitish) plant.” There are more than 30 species. See more »

  • Ironweed
    Ironweed

    Ironweed, a genus of tall, coarse herbs. About 10 species grow wild along roadsides and in neglected fields of the eastern and southern United States. See more »

  • Lavender
    Lavender

    Lavender, a small shrub native to the Mediterranean region and widely grown for its fragrant flowers. See more »

  • Nutmeg
    Nutmeg

    Nutmeg, the seed of a tropical tree. The tree is also called nutmeg, as is a spice obtained from the seed. See more »

  • Oswego Tea
    Oswego Tea

    Oswego Tea (also called Bee Balm and Sweet Bergamot), a perennial herb of the mint family. See more »

  • Pennyroyal
    Pennyroyal

    Pennyroyal, the name of two aromatic herbs. The European, or garden, pennyroyal, native to Europe, and sometimes cultivated in the United States, is a low-growing perennial plant with small bluish flowers. See more »

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