Honeysuckle, an ornamental shrub or twining vine. The plant grows wild in damp woodlands, but is also cultivated for its attractive, usually fragrant, flowers and colorful berries. More than 175 species are found in the north temperate areas.Honeysuckle is an ornamental shrub or vine with tubular flowers rich in nectar.
The small oblong or oval leaves grow opposite each other on the stems. In early summer, red, yellow, or white tubular or bell-shaped blossoms cover the plants and attract many bees and hummingbirds. The flowers later develop into small red, orange, or black berries that provide food for wild birds. The largest of all climbing honeysuckles is native to Burma and southern China. Its immense woody stem reaches a height of 60 to 80 feet (18 to 24 m).
Bush species of honeysuckles are often used in shrub borders and rock gardens. Climbing species are raised chiefly as arbor and porch vines. The plants are started from seeds or cuttings.
The European honeysuckle, or woodbine, bears clusters of yellowish-white flowers and often climbs 20 feet (6 m). The taller, hairy Japanese honeysuckle has fragrant white flowers. American species include the small and fly honeysuckles, both shrubs with yellowish flowers and red berries; the yellow honeysuckle, a spreading, twining vine with fragrant orange-yellow flowers (perhaps the most handsome American species); and the trumpet, or coral, honeysuckle, with orange-red flowers and fruit.
European honeysuckle is Lonicera periclymenum; Japanese, L. japonica; small, L. dioica; fly, L. canadensis; yellow, L. flava; trumpet L. sempervirens. All belong to the honeysuckle family, Caprifoliaceae.