Melon, an annual plant cultivated for its fruit. There are two genera: (1) the watermelons and (2) the muskmelons, which include cantaloupes, casabas, honeydew melons, and Persian melons. All melons grow on climbing or trailing vines with large leaves and small yellow flowers. The fruit is a pepo, that is, a fleshy berry with numerous seeds enclosed by an epicarp (tough outer rind).

WatermelonsWatermelons are native to tropical Africa.

Muskmelons are native to southern Asia, watermelons to tropical Africa. Both thrive in nearly all warm countries. Melons are grown from seed. Nearly all varieties are subject to the attacks of insects, as well as to wilts, blights, and fungus diseases. Control measures include sprays, dusts, and the use of disease-free seed.