Mulberry, a genus of deciduous trees grown as ornamentals and for their fruit, which are called mulberries. Most species are native to tropical Asia. The small, greenish flowers appear in loose, cylindrical clusters called catkins. The edible fruit, which resembles a blackberry in appearance, is deep red or purplish in most species.The red mulberry grows to a height of sixty feet and bears clusters of red or purple berries.
The white mulberry has been grown for centuries in China for its leaves, which are fed to silkworms. The tree grows to a height of 80 feet (24 m) and bears white, pink, or blackish-purple berries. The black, or English, mulberry is common in Europe. It reaches a height of 30 feet (9 m). Its dark purplish-black berries are used in pies and jams. The red, or American, mulberry is found in the eastern United States. It grows to a height of 60 feet (18 m) and bears clusters of red or purple berries. Its hard, strong wood is used for furniture, fence posts, and barrels. The paper mulberry is used in Asia to make paper. The French mulberry is a North American ornamental.
The white mulberry is Morus alba; black, M. nigra; red, M. rubra. The paper mulberry is Broussonetia papyrifera. All belong to the mulberry family, Moraceae. The French mulberry is Callicarpa americana of the family Verbenaceae.