Persimmon, a tree of temperate or subtropical regions, and its sweet but astringent fruit. Most of the astringency is lost when the fruit becomes fully ripe. The fruit is globular, smooth-skinned, and bright orange in color. A true berry, it contains from 1 to 10 large, flat seeds.
The common persimmon is native to the southeastern United States. It grows about 70 feet (20 m) tall. The glossy green leaves are oval, with pointed tips. The thick bark is marked with deep, rectangular cracks. In June the tree bears small, bell-shaped, greenish-yellow flowers. The fruit, 1 to 1 1/2 inches (2.5 to 4 cm) in diameter, ripens in late fall. This tree also yields a strong, hard wood used to make golf club heads.The persimmon is globular, smooth-skinned, and bright orange in color.
The Japanese persimmon, or kakinative to China, not Japanis cultivated in the southern United States. It is not as tall as the American species but has larger fruits (about three inches [7.5 cm] in diameter). Most of the persimmon fruit sold in stores comes from Japanese persimmons.
The persimmon belongs to the ebony family, Ebenaceae. The common persimmon is Diospyros virginiana; Japanese, D. kaki.