Pomegranate, a shrub or small tree, and its edible fruit. The pomegranate is native to Asia. It has been cultivated in Mediterranean countries since ancient times. The pomegranate has thorny branches and glossy, oblong or oval leaves about 2 ½ inches (6 cm) long. It bears clusters of small orange-red flowers. The fruit is a berry, about four inches (10 cm) in diameter, with a smooth, brownish or red rind. The interior of the fruit is divided into chambers by a thick, whitish membrane. Each chamber contains numerous tiny seed, each embedded in juicy red pulp. The pomegranate is cultivated in the southern United States as an ornamental and commercially for its fruit.

The pomegranate is Punica granatum of the pomegranate family, Punicaceae.

Pomegranate fruitPomegranate fruit is about four inches across with a smooth brown or red rind.