Abbe, Cleveland (1838-1916), a United States meteorologist, often called the "father of the Weather Bureau." As director of the Cincinnati Observatory, 1868-73, Abbe issued daily weather reports, which led to the federal government's establishment of a national weather service. He joined the newly organized Weather Service in 1871, serving as a meteorologist until 1916. Abbe was influential in securing the adoption of standard time zones. He was born in New York City and graduated from New York Free Academy (later City University of New York).
Thermometer, an instrument for measuring temperature. The measurement is always indirect, that is, it is a measurement not of temperature itself but of the effect of temperature on some physical property of a material used in the thermometer.
As a dominant world power, there's not much that China doesn't affect or control outright these days, including the weather. How did the superpower produce flawless skies for the biggest party of the year?