Espy, James Pollard (1785--1860), a United States meteorologist. Espy's use of the telegraph to assemble weather data laid the foundations of weather forecasting. Espy was born in Washington, Pennsylvania. After graduation from Transylvania University in 1808 he was a teacher. He became interested in meteorology and in 1836 won a prize for an essay explaining the cause of precipitation. Espy was appointed meteorologist for the War Department in 1842 and in 1848 became meteorologist for the Navy Department as well.
Precipitation can vary from rain to snow when the temperature is below freezing. Why does precipitation not always fall as snow when it's below freezing?
Who likes getting caught in a downpour without an umbrella? Not this guy and not us. Are we ever going to achieve rainmaker status so we can dial up a few gentle showers one day and a blast of sunshine the next?