Space Races for the 21st Century
Upon directives from President George W. Bush, NASA has re-examined its goals for future spaceflight. The space shuttle will be retired by 2010. A new spacecraft, the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle is being designed to return Americans to the Moon.
Specifically, NASA is directing its efforts to the following goals:
- Broaden its programs in science, aeronautics and exploration, while focusing the human spaceflight endeavors on exploration.
- Develop, build and fly a new Crew Exploration Vehicle (Project Orion) with its launch vehicles (Ares) by 2014.
- Develop and expand partnerships with private industries.
- Develop a program to return humans to the Moon, establish a lunar base and pursue subsequent exploration of Mars and other destinations.
Photo courtesy NASA
Besides governments, there’s a growing space race among private companies to be the first to establish sub-orbital and orbital spaceflights for space tourism. This race began with the Ansari X-prize, which was subsequently won by Scaled Composite’s SpaceShipOne (see How SpaceshipOne Works). The success of SpaceShipOne is being developed into a commercial venture called Virgin Galactic by Sir Richard Branson.
In this same spirit, the X-Prize foundation and Google have sponsored the Google Lunar X Prize, a $30 million competition for the first privately funded team to send a robot to the moon, travel 500 meters, and transmit video, images and data back to the Earth.
Such competitions and races as the original space race have brought about new technologies and products such as Mylar and GPS systems. They’ve developed new spacecraft like SpaceShipOne. And competitions between countries for national pride and between companies for profitable markets will provide incentives for the development of new space technologies and lay the foundations for the future of space exploration.For more information on the space race, space in general and related topics, shoot over to the next page to see more links.