Deep Impact began when Alan Delamere and Mike Belton were working on a collaboration to study Comet Halley. "We got Halley data and investigated it and found the comet was far blacker than we had imagined, blacker than coal. So we asked ourselves: How could this happen?" Delamere said. "We became increasingly curious as to just how this black layer accumulated." In 1996, Belton and Delamere, now joined by Mike A'Hearn, submitted a proposal to NASA. They wanted to explore another comet, this time a dead one named Phaethon. They had decided to use an impactor to hit the comet and then observe the results. But NASA was not convinced they could hit the comet. NASA wasn't even convinced that Phaethon was a comet.
Delamere, Belton, and A'Hearn continued to think about the project and try to figure out better ways to do it. In 1998, A'Hearn had taken over leadership of the team, and they made a second proposal. This time, they were going to impact an active comet, Tempel 1. They had also added a guidance system to the impactor, increasing the odds that they would be able to control the spacecraft well enough to hit their target. NASA accepted the new proposal and agreed to fund the project. The Deep Impact mission was born.
Deep Impact is a partnership between the University of Maryland, The California Institute of Technology's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation.
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