Struve, the family name of three noted astronomers.
Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Von Struve
(17931864) studied double stars and pioneered in measuring stellar parallax (a method of determining a star's distance). He was born in Germany. He was director of the Pulkovo Observatory in St. Petersburg, Russia, 183962.
Otto Wilhelm Von Struve
(18191905) discovered about 500 double stars and a satellite of Uranus. He was born in Russia and succeeded his father, Friedrich, as director of the Pulkovo Observatory, 186289.
, (18971963) is credited with the discovery of interstellar hydrogen (1938). He showed that high-temperature stars rotate rapidly, and he contributed to the knowledge of stellar evolution. A grandson of Otto Wilhelm von Struve, he was born in Russia and went to the United States in 1921. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1923 and became a United States citizen in 1927. Struve directed the Yerkes and McDonald observatories (193247) and taught at several universities.