Top 5 Eco-friendly Foods


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Organic Foods

Organic farming aims to minimize environmental impact through methods like crop rotation, compost, biological rather than chemical pest control, and green rather than synthetic fertilizers. Crop rotation keeps the biodiversity of the soil strong. Planting the same crops over and over in the same soil robs the soil of its nutrients over time and results in the need for fertilizers and soil additives. If crops are rotated, there's no need for additives. Also, when chemical pesticides are not used on crops, it protects the water table from those contaminants.

Organic produce is also free from genetic modification, which is when the DNA of a plant is altered to make the fruit or vegetables more desirable. For example, genetic modification may cause the plant to produce more fruit or vegetables, or it may make the plant resistant to certain diseases. Some people object to genetically modified organisms (GMOs), particularly when they're designed to be herbicide resistant, which means that a farm can soak an entire field in herbicide to kill the weeds, and the crop will still survive. Genetic modification skeptics have concerns about what effect this herbicide soaking will ultimately have on the soil and on the human body.

Related Articles

Sources:

  • Cernansky, Rachel. "Six Superfoods with the Smallest Footprint." Planet Green. July 20, 2010. (Sept. 4, 2010) http://planetgreen.discovery.com/food-health/six-superfoods-with-smallest-footprint.html
  • "Eat Seasonal." Sustainable Table. 2010. (Sept. 4, 2010) http://www.sustainabletable.org/shop/seasonal/
  • "Ecology." Dictionary.com. 2010. (Sept. 4, 2010) http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/ecology
  • “Feed.” The Sustainable Table. 2010. (Sept. 15, 2010) http://www.sustainabletable.org/issues/feed/
  • Fishburn, Jennifer. “Growing Flavorful Tomatoes.” Farmers Market Online. 2007. (Sept. 15, 2010) http://www.farmersmarketonline.com/tips/GrowingFlavorfulTomatoes.htm
  • Fitzsimmons, Caitlin. "Sustainable food: Local versus organic." Roaming Tales. Jan. 26, 2010. (Sept. 4, 2010) http://www.roamingtales.com/2010/01/26/sustainable-food-local-versus-organic/
  • “Fossil fuel and energy use.” Sustainable Table. 2010. (Sept. 15, 2010) http://www.sustainabletable.org/issues/energy/
  • “GM Food: A Guide for the Confused.” Say No to GMOs! 2010. (Sept. 15, 2010) http://www.saynotogmos.org/ud2006/usept06.php#confused
  • Greene, Alan. "Top 10 Reasons to Support Organic in the 21st Century." Organic.org. 2010. (Sept. 4, 2010) http://www.organic.org/articles/showarticle/article-206
  • Group, Edward. "The Health Benefits of Locally-Grown Raw Honey." Global Healing Center. Apr. 15, 2008. (Sept. 4, 2010) http://www.globalhealingcenter.com/natural-health/health-benefits-of-organic-locally-grown-raw-honey/
  • Kolata, Gina. “Farmed Salmon Have More Contaminants Than Wild Ones, Study Finds.” New York Times. Jan. 9, 2004. (Sept. 15, 2010) http://www.nytimes.com/2004/01/09/us/farmed-salmon-have-more-contaminants-than-wild-ones-study-finds.html
  • Ladd, Chris. "Giant Greenhouses Mean Flavorful Tomatoes All Year." New York Times. March 30, 2010. (Sept. 4, 2010) http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/31/dining/31tomato.html
  • McLendon, Russell. “What is the Gulf of Mexico dead zone?” Mother Nature Network. July 28, 2009. (Sept. 15, 2010) http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/translating-uncle-sam/stories/what-is-the-gulf-of-mexico-dead-zone
  • Niman, Nicolette Hahn. “Defending Grass-Fed Beef: A Rancher Weighs in.” The Atlantic. April 14, 2010. (Sept. 15, 2010) http://www.theatlantic.com/food/archive/2010/04/defending-grass-fed-beef-a-rancher-weighs-in/38931/
  • Palca, Joe. "Taking Tomatoes Back to Their Tasty Roots." National Public Radio. May 28. 2010. (Sept. 17, 2010) http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=126907678
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  • Shapely, Dan. "4 Reasons Why Grass-Fed Beef is Better." The Daily Green. July 27, 2009. (Sept. 4, 2010) http://www.thedailygreen.com/healthy-eating/eat-safe/grass-fed-beef-benefits-072704
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