How Bacteria Work


Lots More Information

Author's Note: How Bacteria Work

Despite their status as "mindless" microbes, bacteria behave in amazing ways. Give them an obstacle, and they more than likely will find a way around it. Antibiotics on the home turf? They swap genes to better survive. Not enough food? No worries, they can catch some Zzzs and go dormant. We're only beginning to learn bacteria's secrets, and the big picture is becoming clear: A breadth of complex life teems under our very noses (and in them too).

Related Articles

Sources

  • Asociación RUVID. "Bacteria that Clean Art." AlphaGalileo. June 7, 2011. (Oct. 29, 2014) http://www.alphagalileo.org/ViewItem.aspx?ItemId=104831&CultureCode=en
  • Backhed, Fredrik et al. "Host-Bacterial Mutualism in the Human Intestine." Science. Vol. 307. Pages 1915-1919. 2005.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Antibiotic Resistance Questions & Answers." Dec. 18, 2013. (Nov. 11, 2014) http://www.cdc.gov/getsmart/antibiotic-use/antibiotic-resistance-faqs.html
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Plague History." June 13, 2012. (Nov. 16, 2014) http://www.cdc.gov/plague/history/index.html
  • Cornell University Department of Microbiology. "Bacterial Endospores." (Nov. 16, 2014) https://micro.cornell.edu/research/epulopiscium/bacterial-endospores
  • Cornell University Department of Microbiology. "Binary Fission and Other Forms of Reproduction in Bacteria." (Oct. 28, 2014) https://micro.cornell.edu/research/epulopiscium/binary-fission-and-other-forms-reproduction-bacteria
  • Cox, Laura M. et al. "Altering the Intestinal Microbiota During a Critical Developmental Window Has Lasting Metabolic Consequences." Cell. Vol. 158. Pages 705-721. 2014.
  • Dobell, Clifford (ed.). "Antony van Leeuwenhoek and his 'Little Animals.'" Dover Publications. 1960.
  • Dykhuizen, Daniel. "Species Numbers in Bacteria." Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. Vol. 56. 62-71. 2005.
  • Glud, Ronnie N. et al. "High Rates of Microbial Carbon Turnover in Sediments in the Deepest Oceanic Trench on Earth." Nature Geoscience. Vol. 6. Pages 284-288. 2013.
  • Kaufman, Rachel. "New Bacteria Found on Titanic; Eats Metal." National Geographic News. Dec. 10, 2010. (Oct. 29, 2014) http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/12/101210-new-species-bacteria-metal-titanic-wreck-science/
  • Konhauser, Kurt O. et al. "Aerobic bacterial pyrite oxidation and the acid rock drainage during the Great Oxidation Event." Nature. Vol. 478. Pages 369-374. 2011.
  • Marraffini, Luciano. Overview of Bacteria. Personal interview. Nov. 4, 2014.
  • Merck Manuals. "Overview of Bacteria." September 2008. (Oct. 21, 2014) http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/infections/bacterial_infections/overview_of_bacteria.html
  • Midlands Technical College. "The Size, Shape and Arrangement of Bacterial Cells." (Oct. 27, 2014) http://classes.midlandstech.edu/carterp/courses/bio225/chap04/lecture2.htm
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration. "Bacteria Sent into Space Behave in Mysterious Ways." June 24, 2013. (Nov. 15, 2014) http://www.nasa.gov/centers/ames/news/2013/bacteria-sent-into-space.html
  • National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. "Oral Probiotics: An Introduction." December 2012. (Oct. 21, 2014) http://nccam.nih.gov/health/probiotics/introduction.htm
  • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. "Gram-Negative Bacteria." April 30, 2012. (Oct. 28, 2014) http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/antimicrobialresistance/examples/gramnegative/Pages/default.aspx
  • Pollan, Michael. "Some of My Best Friends Are Germs." The New York Times. May 15, 2013. (Oct. 28, 2014). http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/19/magazine/say-hello-to-the-100-trillion-bacteria-that-make-up-your-microbiome.html?pagewanted=all
  • Savage, Dwane C. "Microbial Ecology of the Gastrointestinal Tract." Annual Review of Microbiology. Vol. 31. Pages 107-133. 1977.
  • Silverman, Alex. "Time Capsule with Over 100-Year-Old Germs Found at Former Bellevue Hospital Medical College." CBS New York. Oct. 7, 2011. (Oct. 29, 2014) http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2011/10/07/time-capsule-found-at-former-bellevue-hospital-medical-college/
  • The Canadian Phytopathological Society. "What are Koch's Postulates?" (Nov. 15, 2014) http://phytopath.ca/education/kochspostulates.html
  • University of California Museum of Paleontology. "Bacteria: Fossil Record." Oct. 15, 1996. (Oct. 29, 2014) http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/bacteria/bacteriafr.html
  • Vreeland, Russell H. et al. "Isolation of a 250 Million-Year-Old Halotolerant Bacterium from a Primary Salt Crystal." Nature. Vol. 407. Pages 897-900. 2000.
  • Watson, Traci. "Tooth Decay First Ravaged Human Society 15,000 Years Ago." USA Today. Jan. 9, 2014. (Nov. 15, 2014) http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/01/06/tooth-decay-archaeology/4307319/
  • Whitaker, Rachel. "Resources for Bacteria." Personal correspondence. Nov. 11, 2014.
  • Whitman, William B. et al. "Prokaryotes: The Unseen Majority." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Vol. 95. Pages 6578-6583. 1998.

More to Explore