As you've learned, our brains keep tinkering with our memories, adding information and distorting aspects. More ominously, some of our memories may become so distorted over time, they end up totally false. So in addition to rewriting the memory when you recall it (as we read about earlier), every time you think of the memory, you're actually recalling the memory of the last time you thought about the memory, rather than the event as it happened weeks or months or years ago [source: Paul]. And you won't realize this is happening.
This isn't a comforting thought, especially if you love recalling the childhood memory of your kindly old neighbor, who always gave you and your sister apple slices and candy when you stopped over to visit. On the other hand, maybe she never did this at all. In fact, maybe she always ignored both of you, or even chased you away.
Perhaps the lesson to be learned about our memories, aside from the fact that they're fraught with inaccuracies, is simply to enjoy the good ones and believe them to be real, while telling ourselves the bad ones are all modified falsehoods.
Author's Note: 10 Ways Your Memory Is Completely Inaccurate
I was assigned this piece while my book club was reading "The Night of the Gun," by David Carr. The book is about a drug-addicted reporter who, after he becomes sober, uses his investigative journalist skills to recreate his sordid past. But the book is also about memory — how everyone remembers the same incident differently, how memories deteriorate based on everything from age to substance abuse, how we might only remember the things in the past that we can live with.
It was quite interesting to follow that up with researching memory for this article. I'm sad to realize many of my fond memories have probably been altered over time. But I'm glad I'll be able to tell my siblings that some of the not-so-flattering things they remember from my childhood in all likelihood did not happen! Or at least not the way in which they remember them and tease me about.
More Great Links
- Azar, B. "New theory on the making of a false memory." American Psychological Association. March 2000. (Oct. 13, 2015) http://www.apa.org/monitor/mar00/memory.aspx
- Cohen, Hsin-Yi. "What is Memory Bias?" About Intelligence. Dec. 31, 2012. (Oct. 13, 2015) http://www.aboutintelligence.co.uk/memory-biases.html
- Green, Marc. "Eyewitness Memory Is Unreliable." Visual Expert. (Oct. 13, 2015) http://www.visualexpert.com/Resources/eyewitnessmemory.html
- Hayasaki, Erika. "How Many of Your Memories Are Fake?" The Atlantic. Nov. 18, 2013. (Oct. 13, 2015) http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2013/11/how-many-of-your-memories-are-fake/281558/
- LaGanga, Maria. "Father Wins Suit in 'False Memory' Case." Los Angeles Times. May 14, 1994. (Oct. 17, 2015) http://articles.latimes.com/1994-05-14/news/mn-57614_1_false-memories
- Law, Bridget Murray. "Seared in our memories." American Psychological Association. September 2011. (Oct. 13, 2015) http://www.apa.org/monitor/2011/09/memories.aspx
- Markman, Art. "What Is Déjà Vu?" Psychology Today. Jan. 5, 2010. (Oct. 13, 2015) https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/ulterior-motives/201001/what-is-d-j-vu
- Paul, Marla. "How Your Memory Rewrites The Past." Northwestern University Feb. 4, 2014. (Oct. 13, 2015) http://www.northwestern.edu/newscenter/stories/2014/02/how-your-memory-rewrites-the-past.html
- Paul, Marla. "Your Memory Is Like The Telephone Game." Northwestern University. Sept. 19, 2012. (Oct. 13, 2015) http://www.northwestern.edu/newscenter/stories/2012/09/your-memory-is-like-the-telephone-game.html
- PsyBlog. "How Memories are Distorted and Invented: Misattribution." February 2008. (Oct. 13, 2015) http://www.spring.org.uk/2008/02/how-memories-are-distorted-and-invented.php
- Saletan, William. "The Memory Doctor." Slate. June 4, 2010. (Oct. 18, 2015) http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/the_memory_doctor/2010/06/the_memory_doctor.html
- Schacter, Daniel. "The Seven Sins of Memory." Harvard University. March 1999. (Oct. 13, 2015) http://scholar.harvard.edu/files/schacterlab/files/schacter_american_psychologist_1999.pdf
- Trumbull, Mark. "How differently do blacks and whites view Ferguson? Here are the numbers. (+ video)." Christian Science Monitor. Nov. 21, 2014. (Oct. 18, 2015) http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2014/1121/How-differently-do-blacks-and-whites-view-Ferguson-Here-are-the-numbers.-video
- Vitelli, Romeo. "Implanting False Memories." Psychology Today. Nov. 4, 2012. (Oct. 17, 2015) https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/media-spotlight/201211/implanting-false-memories
- Weintraub, Karen. "Brain keeps rewriting, editing memories, research shows." 13WMAZ. Feb. 4, 2014. (Oct. 17, 2015) http://www.13wmaz.com/story/news/health/2014/02/04/brain-rewrites-edits-memories/5209639/
- Zaragoza, Maria and Karen Mitchell. "Repeated Exposure to Suggestion and the Creation of False Memories." Psychological Science. (Oct. 18, 2015) http://pss.sagepub.com/content/7/5/294.short
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