How Army Unit Supply Specialists Work

Army soldiers.
Army unit supply specialists provide troops with the tools they require to do their jobs.

Picture an Army unit at a remote location in Afghanistan. If they're going to do their jobs, and if they're going to be as healthy and safe as possible, the troops there need a lot of supplies. They need food, ammunition, replacement parts, uniforms, medical supplies, weapons and other items. It's crucial that they get what they need, when they need it.

Wherever Army units are, the people who provide them with the things they need are vitally important. They're Army unit supply specialists, or, in Army parlance, the soldiers whose jobs are numbered MOS 92Y. (MOS stands for Military Occupational Specialty; 92Y is a military designation.)


The Army uses several factors to decide what a person's MOS will be. One is the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB), a multiple-choice test given to anyone interested in enlisting. Another is the Army's needs and vacancies in particular jobs. A third is an enlistee's interest in a job.

According to the U.S. Army, someone might be suited for a unit supply specialist job if he or she:

  • Has a knack for math, specifically bookkeeping and accounting skills
  • Is good with details
  • Can use computers and type accurately
  • Likes physical labor
  • Has good organizational skills
  • Is interested in operating warehouse equipment

Army unit supply specialists are important -- and often busy. Keep reading to find out more about what they do.


Army Unit Supply Specialist Duties

Unit supply specialists are responsible for making sure that the Army's supplies and equipment are kept in good condition, are well documented and are distributed as needed.

There are five basic skill levels within the 92Y MOS. As unit supply specialists advance to higher skill levels, they take on more responsibility for supervising, assisting, inspecting and training those in lower levels. At skill level 5, the highest, a Unit Supply Specialist may be involved in developing plans and operations to improve the way supplies are handled. He or she may act as a liaison to the units that are being supplied.


The duties that unit supply specialists perform depends upon where they're stationed and what the needs are there. One unit supply specialist may spend a lot of time at a desk using computers and telephones. Another may work at airfields and/or warehouses, dealing with trucks or forklifts.

These are some typical tasks carried out by unit supply specialists:

  • Keep inventory of supplies and equipment
  • Keep computerized records about supplies received and delivered
  • Load and unload supplies and equipment, which may involve driving forklifts or operating other warehouse-type equipment
  • Store equipment and supplies
  • Issue equipment and supplies
  • Secure, control, maintain and issue small arms, weapons and ammunition, including security areas for weapons and ammunition
  • Correct problems caused by lost or damaged supplies.
  • Coordinate with other units such as motor transport¬†

Read on to learn how the Army trains its unit supply specialists.


Army Unit Supply Specialist Training

Like people being trained for any job, those who will become unit supply specialists spend their first nine weeks in the Army in basic training, a.k.a. boot camp. In boot camp, recruits learn everything it takes to be a soldier. They learn discipline, Army values and how to conduct themselves. They learn how things are done in the Army. They have intensive physical conditioning and are taught about weapons and combat skills.

After boot camp, the next step is eight weeks at the U.S. Army Quartermaster School at Fort Lee, Va., for advanced individual training specific to being a unit supply specialist. The training combines classes with practical experience. Trainees will also learn about:


  • Keeping track of stock
  • Handing medical supplies
  • Handling food supplies
  • Moving and storing ammunition
  • Maintaining records

Unit supply specialists are involved in some of the Army's most cutting-edge training. A pilot program of the Army Capabilities Integration Center (ARCIC) loads training modules on iPhones to provide trainees with information to supplement their regular training [source: Montgomery].

The training and experience of Unit supply specialists can help them find civilian jobs after their military service handling stock, parts and related records in factories, department stores, warehouses and stockrooms. Such jobs are available both in the private sector and in government.

Keep reading for lots more information on military careers.


Lots More Information

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  • Montgomery, Matthew. CASCOM and ScoE Public Affairs. "CASCOM is app-solutely amazing." March 18, 2011. (Accessed April 9, 2011)
  • U.S Army. "Army Basic Training - Boot Camp." (Accessed April 12, 2011)
  • U.S. Army. "Careers & Jobs: Unit Supply Specialist (92Y)." (Accessed April 13, 2011)
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  • U.S. Army Info. "MOS 92Y: Unit Supply Specialist." (Accessed April 10, 2011)
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