Chicago! Land of improv and gangsters, Ditka and a weird glut of corrupt politicians. The old Windy City itself, so named because — come on, keep up — it's so awfully breezy. We'll come back to the origin of the nickname later, but first let's look for clues in the answer to the question at hand: Is Chicago really that windy?
It's a question we can only answer from a meteorological perspective, since we have no way to quantify just how many blowhards live in the greater Chicago area. (But some say you can find most of them at Bears games every Sunday. Zing!) What we can do is look at historical and current weather records to find out if Chicago deserves its nickname. And bad news — Chicagoans will have to depend on their windbags for now, because they sure aren't getting their unofficial motto based on empirical breezy evidence.
Here's the deal: Mt. Washington, New Hampshire is pretty much the undisputed weather champion in the lower 48 states. Not only is it the coldest, the snowiest, the cloudiest and the wettest place in the United States — it's also the windiest. It averages a wind speed of 35 mph (56 kph), which pretty much blows the next windiest place — Blue Hill, Massachusetts — out of the water, with a mean speed of 15 mph (24 kph) winds. And Chicago isn't even the windiest big city: Boston gets that honor, with average speeds of about 19 mph (kph) [source: NOAA]. In fact, there are 78 places ahead of Chicago's measly 10.3 mph (16.6 kph) [source: Skilling].
So while it might be a "windy city," it's certainly not the windiest. But where the heck did that nickname come from, if not the brisk breezes off the coast of Lake Michigan? Well, the name probably originated with the stiff winds the city experiences, and it also had something to do with a perceived idea that Chicagoans (and their politicians) were gasbags. While there's an oft-repeated story about the name coming from a New York editorial making fun of Chicago's unsubstantiated boasting concerning the World's Fair, there's no evidence that editorial exists [source: Bierma].
Instead, historians agree that the term was coined before the fair, as a sly bit of name-calling meant to reference both the hot air of its citizens, as well as the strong breezes that blew through the city.
- Bierma, Nathan. "Where did it come from? —Did New York Sun editor Charles A. Dana coin the phrase, or is that legend just full of hot air?" Chicago Tribune. Dec. 7, 2004. (Dec. 10, 2014) http://blogs.chicagotribune.com/news_columnists_ezorn/2006/07/for_our_out_of_.html
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). "Extremes in U.S. climates." Jan. 16, 2008. (Dec. 10, 2014) http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/extremes/extreme-us-climates.php
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). "What are the top 10 windiest locations in the United States?" 2014. (Dec. 10, 2014) http://findanswers.noaa.gov/noaa.answers/ext/kb703-what-are-the-top-ten-windiest-locations-in-the-united-states
- Skilling, Tom. "How do Chicago's winds compared with other major U.S. cities?" Chicago Tribune. Dec. 28, 2010. (Dec. 10, 2014) http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2010-12-28/news/ct-wea-1229-asktom-20101228_1_average-winds-cities-chicago-greeter