Lots More Information


  • Associated Press. "WADA Chief Urges Drug Tainted Sports to Clean Up." International Herald Tribune. August 10, 2008. (11/11/2008) http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/08/10/sports/AS-OLY-WADA-Doping.php
  • Baruch, Susannah et al. "Human Germline Genetic Modification: Issues and Options for Policymakers." Washington, DC: Genetics and Public Policy Center. May 2005. (11/11/2008) http://www.dnapolicy.org/images/reportpdfs/HumanGermlineGeneticMod.pdf
  • Binley, Katie et al. "Long-term Reversal of Chronic Anemia Using a Hypoxia-Regulated Erythropoietin Gene Therapy." Blood. Vol. 100. No. 7. October 1, 2002.
  • Cam, F.S. et al. "Association between the ACE I/D gene polymorphism and physical performance in a homogenous non-elite cohort." Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology. Vol. 30. No. 1. February 2005.
  • Dillman, Lisa. "As Swim Records Fall, High-Tech Suit Faces Scrutiny." The Los Angeles Times. March 27, 2008. (11/11/2008) http://articles.latimes.com/2008/mar/27/sports/sp-swim27
  • Friedmann, Theodore. Personal interview. Conducted 10/29/2008.
  • Gao, Guangping et al. "Erythropoietin Gene Therapy Leads to Autoimmune Anemia in Macaques." Blood. Vol. 103. No. 9. May 1, 2004.
  • Geneforum. "Results from Oregon College Athlete Gene Doping Survey." 2005. (11/11/2008)http://www.geneforum.org/node/489.
  • Grady, Denise. "A Lab Breeds a Mighty Mouse, With a Variety of Implications." The New York Times. May 1, 1997. (11/11/2008) http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9807E0DA1131F932A35 756C0A961958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all
  • Hanna, Kathi. "Germline Gene Transfer." March 2006. (11/11/2008) http://www.genome.gov/10004764
  • McCrory, P. "Super Athletes or Gene Cheats?" British Journal of Sports Medicine. Vol. 37. No. 3. June 2003.
  • Mehlman, Maxwell. Personal interview. Conducted 11/11/2008.
  • Murray, Thomas. "Gene Doping and Olympic Sport." Play True magazine. No. 1. 2005. (10/23/2008) http://www.wada-ama.org/rtecontent/document/Play_True_01_2005_en.pdf
  • Murray, Thomas. Personal interview. Conducted 11/7/2008.
  • Rankinen, Tuomo et al. "The Human Gene Map for Performance and Health-Related Fitness Phenotypes." Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. Vol. 38. No. 11. November 2006.
  • Raper, Steven et al. "Fatal Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome in a Ornithine Transcarbamylase Deficient Patient Following Adenoviral Gene Transfer." Molecular Genetics and Metabolism. Vol. 80. No. 1. September 2003.
  • Staal, F.J.T. et al. "Sola dosis facit venenum. Leukemia in gene therapy trials: a question of vectors, inserts and dosage?" Leukemia. Vol. 22. No. 10. October 2008.
  • Svensson, Eric et al. "Long-term erythropoietin expression in rodents and non-human primates following intramuscular injection of a replication-defective adenoviral vector." Human Gene Therapy. Vol. 8. No. 15. October 10, 1997.
  • United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA). "Guide to Prohibited Classes of Substances and Prohibited Methods of Doping." 2003. (11/20/2008) http://www.usantidoping.org/files/active/resources/press_releases/pressrelease_11_5_2002.pdf
  • Wells, D.J. "Gene Doping: the Hype and the Reality." British Journal of Pharmacology. Vol. 154. No. 3. June 2008.
  • World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). World Anti-Doping Code: Code Acceptance. 2008. (11/11/2008) http://www.wada-ama.org/en/dynamic.ch2?pageCategory.id=270