American biologists have contributed some of biology's greatest findings. With the increasing importance of genetics, conservation and microbiology, American biologists may yet discover some of nature's most amazing secrets.

Arthur Kornberg

Kornberg, Arthur (1918-), an American physician and biochemist, was the first to discover how molecules of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) duplicate within bacterial cells and also the first to devise a method for synthesizing this process in a laboratory setting.

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  • John Bartram

    John Bartram

    Bartram, the family name of two American scientists, father and son. See more »

  • Luther Burbank

    Luther Burbank

    Burbank, Luther (1849-1926), a United States horticulturist. He developed more than 200 varieties of vegetables, fruits, flowers, and grasses, including the Burbank potato, the plumcot (a cross between a plum and an apricot), and the Shasta daisy. See more »

  • Walter Gilbert

    Walter Gilbert

    Gilbert, Walter (1932- ), an American molecular biologist, shared the 1980 Nobel Prize in chemistry with Frederick Sanger of the United Kingdom for their contribution to the determination of base sequences in the nucleic acids DNA (deoxyribonu-cleic See more »

  • Adelbert Ames

    Adelbert Ames

    Ames, Adelbert, Jr. (1880-1955) was a visual physiologist who studied optics and perception. See more »

  • Albert Claude

    Albert Claude

    Claude, Albert (1899-1983), a Belgian American cell biologist, helped establish modern cell biology and developed methods to analyze cell structures. See more »

  • Alexander Wetmore

    Alexander Wetmore

    Wetmore, Alexander (1886-1978), a United States museum official and authority on birds. See more »

  • Alfred Charles Kinsey

    Alfred Charles Kinsey

    Kinsey, Alfred Charles (1894-1956), a United States zoologist. Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953) were the result of many years of research by Kinsey and his associates. See more »

  • Alfred Day Hershey

    Alfred Day Hershey

    Hershey, Alfred Day (1908-1997) was an American biologist. He shared the 1969 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with the German-born American biologist Max Delbrück and the Italian-born American biologist Salvador Edward Luria for their work on bacteriophages, viruses that attack bacteria. See more »

  • Alfred H. Sturtevant

    Alfred H. Sturtevant

    Sturtevant, Alfred H. (1891-1970) was an American geneticist and the first to discover the procedure for gene mapping. See more »

  • Andrew Victor Schally

    Andrew Victor Schally

    Schally, Andrew Victor (1926-) is a Polish-born American biochemist. He won the 1977 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for his research concerning the role of certain hormones (useful chemical substances) in the chemistry of the body. See more »

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