American biologists have contributed some of biology's greatest findings. With the increasing importance of genetics, conservation and microbiology, American biologists may yet discover some of nature's most amazing secrets.
Bessey, Charles Edwin (1845-1915), an American botanist and administrator, developed world-class botanical programs in the United States.
Just, Ernest Everett (1883-1941) was an internationally known American biologist, zoologist, and physiologist who made major contributions to the field of biology through his pioneering research into fertilization, experimental parthenogenesis, and cell physiology.
Rowley, Janet (1925-) is an American geneticist, a scientist who investigates the structure, function, and transmission of genes.
Margulis, Lynn Alexander (1938-), an American biologist, helped advance the study of the origins of cells.
Meyerhof, Otto Fritz (1884-1951), a German-born American biochemist, shared the 1922 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for his research into oxygen consumption by muscles, and the relationship of oxygen consumption and the metabolism of lactic acid (a chemical produced in the body by muscular activity) and carbohydrates within the muscle.
Berg, Paul (1926-), an American biochemist and molecular biologist, has been at the forefront of genetic engineering, both as an inventor of a pioneering procedure and as an advocate concerned about the risks of genetic research.
Hubbard, Ruth (1924-) is an Austrian-born American biologist and biochemist whose contributions to the study of the biochemistry and photochemistry of vision in vertebrates and invertebrates have greatly advanced the understanding of the field.
Benzer, Seymour (1921-), an American geneticist, is one of the founders of modern behavioral geneties.