Like HowStuffWorks on Facebook!

How Addiction Works

Lots More Information

Related HowStuffWorks Articles

More Great Links


  • Bozarth, Michael. "Pleasure Systems on the Brain." Addiction Science Network.
  • Keire, Mara L. "Dope fiends and degenerates: the gendering of addiction in the early twentieth century." Journal of Social History. Summer, 1998.
  • Levine, Harry G. "The Discovery of Addiction." Journal of Studies on Alcohol. 1978.
  • Leshner, Alan I., Ph.D "The Essence of Drug Addiction." NIDA.
  • Leshner, Alan I. Ph.D. "Oops: How Casual Drug Use Leads to Addiction."
  • Marsden, Dr. John. "Causes of addiction." BBC Health.
  • Park, Paul. "Addiction: From Drugs to Donuts, Brain Activity May be the Key." Diet & Exercise. August 9, 2007.
  • Shaffer, Howard J., Ph.D., C.A.S. "What Is Addiction: A Perspective." Harvard Medical School.
  • "Alcohol/Substance Dependence: Symptoms." PsychCentral.
  • "Cocaine." DEA.
  • "Drug Use and Addiction." BBC Health.
  • "Drugs and the Brain." NIDA.
  • "Drug addiction." Mayo Clinic.
  • “Five Year Strategic Plan FY08-13.” National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
  • "Heroin." DEA.
  • "Methamphetamine." DEA.
  • "Gambling Addiction."
  • "Genetics Is An Important Factor In Addiction." University of Utah.
  • “Statistics: How Many People Have Eating Disorders?” Anred.
  • "Treatment, Education and Prevention: Adding to the Arsenal in the War on Drugs." NIDA.
  • "The Nature of Addiction." Addiction Science Network.
  • "What is Compulsive Gambling?" Gambler's Anonymous.