Advertisement

Famous Scientists

You may have heard the names Nikola Tesla and Marie Curie before, but do you know what they contributed to science? Here you can learn about some of the most famous scientists in the world.

Topics to Explore

Advertisement

Learn More / Page 3

Adelbert Ames

Ames, Adelbert, Jr. (1880-1955) was a visual physiologist who studied optics and perception.

Alfred Charles Kinsey

Kinsey, Alfred Charles (1894-1956), a United States zoologist. Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953) were the result of many years of research by Kinsey and his associates.

Charles Edwin Bessey

Bessey, Charles Edwin (1845-1915), an American botanist and administrator, developed world-class botanical programs in the United States.

Clinton Hart Merriam

Merriam, Clinton Hart (1855-1942), was an American physician and zoologist. His expeditions for wildlife study in the western United States led to a compilation of data that helped to define the geographic distribution of animals and plants throughout the country.

Dian Fossey

Fossey, Dian (1932-1985) was an American zoologist who studied the mountain gorilla of the Virunga Mountains in east-central Africa.

Edward Adelbert Doisy

Doisy, Edward Adelbert (1893-1986) was an American biochemist who shared the 1943 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with Danish researcher Henrik Dam for their discovery of the chemical nature of vitamin K.

Ernest Everett Just

Just, Ernest Everett (1883-1941) was an internationally known American biologist, zoologist, and physiologist who made major contributions to the field of biology through his pioneering research into fertilization, experimental parthenogenesis, and cell physiology.

Ernst Mayr

Mayr, Ernst (1904-2005) was a German-born American biologist who helped develop the synthetic theory of evolution, which combines evolution theory with genetics and other sciences.

George Davis Snell

Snell, George Davis (1903-1996) was an American geneticist who discovered the genes responsible for the rejection of tissue transplants.

Gertrude Belle Elion

Elion, Gertrude Belle (1918-1999) was an American biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine in 1988 for the development of the antiviral drug acyclovir for the treatment of cancer.

Haldan Keffer Hartline

Hartline, Haldan Keffer (1903-1983) was an American physiologist. He shared the 1967 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for his work on the neuro-physiology of vision.

Harold Eliot Varmus

Varmus, Harold Eliot (1939-) is an American physician and cancer researcher who shared the 1989 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with his colleague J.

Herbert Spencer Gasser

Gasser, Herbert Spencer (1888-1963), an American physiologist, carried out research that helped identify the functions of different fibers in the same nerve.

J. Michael Bishop

Bishop, J. Michael (1936-), an American cancer researcher, investigated oncogenes, or tumor-producing genes, turning over previously held theories about how cancer develops.

Jack Horner

Horner, Jack (1946-) is an American paleontologist who made many discoveries of dinosaur fossils.

Jacques Loeb

Loeb, Jacques (1859-1924), a German-American experimental biologist and physiologist.

James Batcheller Sumner

Sumner, James Batcheller (1887-1955), a United States biochemist. He shared the Nobel Prize in chemistry for 1946.

James Dewey Watson

Watson, James Dewey (1928-), an American molecular biologist, helped determine the molecular structure of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, the carrier of genetic material in living organisms.

Janet Rowley

Rowley, Janet (1925-) is an American geneticist, a scientist who investigates the structure, function, and transmission of genes.

Lewis John Stadler

Stadler, Lewis John (1896-1954) was an American geneticist who did pioneering research on the effects of X rays upon mutation in plants.

Lynn Margulis

Margulis, Lynn Alexander (1938-), an American biologist, helped advance the study of the origins of cells.

Otto Fritz Meyerhof

Meyerhof, Otto Fritz (1884-1951), a German-born American biochemist, shared the 1922 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for his research into oxygen consumption by muscles, and the relationship of oxygen consumption and the metabolism of lactic acid (a chemical produced in the body by muscular activity) and carbohydrates within the muscle.

Paul Berg

Berg, Paul (1926-), an American biochemist and molecular biologist, has been at the forefront of genetic engineering, both as an inventor of a pioneering procedure and as an advocate concerned about the risks of genetic research.

Paul Greengard

Greengard, Paul (1925-) shared the 2000 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for his discovery of how dopamine and a number of other transmitters in the brain exert their action in the nervous system.

Peter Brian Medawar

Medawar, Peter Brian (1815-1987), was a British zoologist who shared the 1960 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with Sir Macfarlane Burnet of Australia for their work on the body's rejection of tissue transplants.

Advertisement

Advertisement

Advertisement

Advertisement

Advertisement

Advertisement