The Triangle of Life Myth
Doug Copp has become famous in some circles for his Triangle of Life earthquake-survival method. You may have received a chain e-mail containing an essay from him in which he trumpets his credentials and claims that the "duck and cover" method almost always leads to unnecessary deaths. He also challenges the conventional wisdom that doorways are dangerous.
According to Copp's method, objects like sofas, beds, desks and other furniture get crushed or become compressed when a building or roof collapses. But next to them is a "void" (often in a triangular shape) that he claims is a safe place in which to seek cover, ideally in the fetal position. He even says that large stacks of paper produce voids.
Unfortunately, while Copp's survival tips are found all over the Internet, a lot of controversy goes along with them. Snopes.com, the popular site for debunking rumors and urban legends, has found several problems with Copp's advice [source: Snopes]. The site points out that many of Copp's claims have been debunked on scientific grounds or shown to be inaccurate because they come from experiences in other countries with different building codes. He has also been shown to have distorted and selectively used evidence to prove his points [source: Petal].
The U.S. Department of Justice launched a fraud investigation because Copp received $649,000 from the 9/11 victims fund yet apparently did little or no rescue work and did not suffer the serious injuries he claimed. In addition, the chief of special operations for the New York Fire Department called Copp "a bald-faced liar" [source: Linthicum].
Besides these issues, an in-depth investigation by an Albuquerque newspaper (where Copp used to live) uncovered several other incidents in which Copp had lied about or fabricated his credentials, including his supposed "body detector" machine, which was, in fact, a readily available, commercially purchased gas detector [source: Linthicum].
Much of Copp's advice seems to be derived either from limited experience or by seeing results -- such as that people survive in voids -- and making general assumptions as to the cause, assumptions that he can't back up with scientific testing. One of his few claims that experts have supported is that it is a good idea to avoid the stairs during an earthquake [source: Petal].
Keep reading for more links you might like on earthquakes and surviving Mother Nature.
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More Great Links
- "Building Damage from a 7.2 Quake." San Francisco Chronicle.http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/object/article?m=/c/pictures/2004/05/02/ba_bldgdamage_chart.gif&f=/chronicle/archive/2004/05/02/MNGM26EHUM1.DTL
- Burnett, Bill. "What S.F. homeowners need to do to be ready for a 7.2 San Andreas shaker." San Francisco Chronicle. May 8, 2004.http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2004/05/08/HOGMT6G4V01.DTL
- "Earthquake Drills Do's and Don'ts." San Francisco Chronicle.http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/earthquakes/archive/quakedrill.dtl
- "Earthquake Safety Tips." Orange County Red Cross.http://www.oc-redcross.org/show.aspx?mi=2893
- "Earthquake Valves." So Cal Gas.http://www.socalgas.com/safety/valves.html
- Linthicum, Leslie. "Feds Investigate 9/11 Injury Claim." Albuquerque Journal. July 18, 2004. http://www.abqjournal.com/terror/199912fire07-18-04.htm
- Linthicum, Leslie. "Widow Tells of Copp Ordeal." Albuquerque Journal. July 18, 2004. http://www.abqjournal.com/terror/199911fire07-18-04.htm
- "Make Your Own Preparedness Kit." San Francisco Chronicle.http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/earthquakes/archive/ready.dtl
- Petal, Marla. "The Need for an Evidence-Basis For Earthquake Survival Tips." CERT LA.http://www.cert-la.com/RejoinderToDougCopp.pdf
- "Triangle of Life." Snopes. Sept. 15, 2004.http://www.snopes.com/inboxer/household/triangle.asp
- U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). "Putting Down Your Roots in Earthquake Country." Sept. 2, 2008.http://pubs.usgs.gov/gip/2005/15/
- "What to Do After an Earthquake." FEMA. Aug. 22, 2007.http://www.fema.gov/hazard/earthquake/eq_after.shtm
- "What to Do Before an Earthquake." FEMA. Aug. 22, 2007.http://www.fema.gov/hazard/earthquake/eq_before.shtm
- "What to Do During an Earthquake." FEMA. Aug. 22, 2007. http://www.fema.gov/hazard/earthquake/eq_during.shtm