How Cellulosic Ethanol Works


Lots More Information

Related HowStuffWorks Articles

Sources

  • Andy Aden. Personal interview. 5/13/2009
  • BlueFire Ethanol. "Izumi Biorefinery." 2004. (5/22/2009) http://bluefireethanol.com/images/IZUMI_Status_2004_for_BlueFire_051606.pdf
  • BlueFire Ethanol. "Technology." 2009. (5/22/2009) http://bluefireethanol.com/technology/
  • Campbell, Neil A. et al. "Biology." Menlo Park: Benjamin/Cummings. 1999.
  • Coordinating Research Council. "Fuel Permeation From Automotive Systems: E0, E6, E10, E20, and E85." December 2006. (5/22/2009) http://www.crcao.com/reports/recentstudies2006/E-65-3/CRC%20E-65-3%20Final%20Report.pdf
  • Energy Information Administration. "How Dependent Are We on Foreign Oil?" April 23, 2009. (5/22/2009)http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/energy_in_brief/foreign_oil_dependence.cfm
  • Energy Information Administration. "United States Energy Profile." May 15, 2009. (5/22/2009)http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/country/index.cfm?view=consumption
  • National Renewable Energy Laboratory. "Ethanol Myths and Facts." Dec. 8, 2008. (5/22/2009)http://www1.eere.energy.gov/biomass/ethanol_myths_facts.html
  • National Renewable Energy Laboratory. "Research Advances, Cellulosic Ethanol: NREL Leads the Way." March 2007. (5/22/2009)http://www.nrel.gov/biomass/pdfs/40742.pdf
  • Renewable Fuels Association. "Renewable Fuels Standard." 2009. (5/22/2009)http://www.ethanolrfa.org/resource/standard/
  • Schubert, Charlottte. "Can Biofuels Really Take Center Stage?" Nature Biotechnology. Vol. 24, no. 7. July 2006.
  • U.S. Department of Energy. "ABC's of Biofuels." April 7, 2009. (5/22/2009) http://www1.eere.energy.gov/biomass/abcs_biofuels.html#prod
  • U.S. Department of Energy. "Plant-to-Pump Infrastructure." May 6, 2008. (5/22/2009) http://www1.eere.energy.gov/biomass/plant-to-pump.html
  • Waltz, Emily. "Cellulosic Ethanol Booms Despite Unproven Business Model." Nature Biotechnology. Vol. 26, no. 1. January 2008.
  • Waltz, Emily. "Cellulosic Ethanol Stimulus." Nature Biotechnology. Vol. 27, no. 9. April 2009.
  • Wang, Michael et al. "Life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission impacts of different corn ethanol plant types." Environmental Research Letters. Vol. 2, no. 2. April - June 2007.http://www.iop.org/EJ/article/-search=51073775.3/1748-9326/2/2/024001/erl7_2_024001.pdf?request-id=c657672c-3b1e-4914-824b-fe2bce0a26f0
  • Yanowitz, Janet and Robert L. McCormick. "Effect of E85 on Tailpipe Emissions from Light-Duty Vehicles." Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association. Vol. 59, no. 2. http://www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/pdfs/technical_paper_feb09.pdf

More to Explore