How NORAD Works

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  • Airline Industry Information. “NORAD to use laser beams to warn pilots.” April 12, 2005.
  • Boeing. “Ground-based Midcourse Defense (GMD) Background.”
  • Canadian Department of National Defense. “Backgrounder: NORAD.”
  • “Cheyenne Mountain and the NORAD Complex.” Above Top Secret.
  • “Yankees pitcher killed in crash of small plane in Manhattan.” Oct. 12, 2006.
  • Hough, Henry W. NORAD Command Post: The City Inside of Cheyenne Mountain. Green Mountain Press (1970). 978-0877680062.
  • NORAD. “About NORAD.”
  • Slobodian, Linda. “Norad on Heightened Alert: Role of air defence agency rapidly transformed in wake of Sept. 11 terrorist attacks.” The Calgary Herald, Oct. 13, 2001.
  • Stockman, Tom. “Memoir: NORAD False Alarm of Soviet Missile Attack, November 9 1979.”
  • ­Talmadge, Marian and Gilmore, Iris. NORAD: The North American Air Defense Command. Dodd, Mead (1967).
  • Zubeck, Pam. “Closing NORAD may cost $12B.” The Colorado Springs Gazette, June 15, 2007.
  • Zubeck, Pam. “Minutes after crash, NORAD was there.” The Colorado Springs Gazette, Oct. 12, 2006.


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