How Scanning Electron Microscopes Work


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  • Breton, Bernie C. "The Early History and Development of The Scanning Electron Microscope." Cambridge University. Oct. 26, 2006. (April 10, 2009) http://www2.eng.cam.ac.uk/~bcb/history.htm
  • Derene, Glenn. "World's Smallest Electron Microscope (for Less than a Bimmer!)." Popular Mechanics. July 6, 2007. (April 10, 2009)http://www.popularmechanics.com/blogs/technology_news/4218957.html
  • Grice, Gordon. "Invisible Clues." Popular Science. Sept. 27, 2002. (April 10, 2009)https://www.popsci.com/scitech/article/2002-09/invisible-clues
  • Iowa State University. "Understanding how the SEM works and how to use it on a college level." (April 10, 2009)http://mse.iastate.edu/microscopy/college.html
  • JEOL, Ltd. "New Scanning Electron Microscope Capable of Observing Cells in Solution." Dec. 8, 2008. (April 10, 2009)http://www.jeol.com/Portals/0/Press/Atmospheric_SEM_English.pdf
  • Michigan State University. "Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) Introduction." (April 10, 2009)http://www.chems.msu.edu/curr.stud/mse.sops/sem.intro.htm
  • Physics World. "Beating the diffraction limit." Sept. 1, 2001. (April 10, 2009)http://physicsworld.com/cws/article/print/22
  • Scientific Blogging. "The No-Stick Feet Of Mirid Bugs." Aug. 8, 2008. (April 15, 2008)http://www.scientificblogging.com/news_releases/the_no_stick_feet_of_mirid_bugs
  • Science Daily. "New Electron Microscope Identifies Individual Color-Coded Atoms." Feb. 22, 2008. (April 10, 2009)http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080221153725.htm
  • Swap, Susan. "Scanning Electron Microscopy." University of Wyoming. April 7, 2009. (April 10, 2009)http://serc.carleton.edu/research_education/geochemsheets/techniques/SEM.html
  • University of Nebraska-Lincoln. "What are Electron Microscopes?" (April 10, 2009)http://www.unl.edu/CMRAcfem/em.htm
  • University of Wisconsin. "Preparing samples for scanning electron microscopy." (April 10, 2009)http://www.ansci.wisc.edu/facstaff/Faculty/pages/albrecht/albrecht_web/Programs/microscopy/prep.html