Chemists have changed the way that science looks at the world. By breaking substances down to the atomic level, chemists have greatly expanded our knowledge of the world. Click here to find articles about the greatest chemists in history.
Lavoisier, Antoine-Laurent (1743-1794), a French chemist. By 1777 Lavoisier had concluded that combustion, or burning, is the chemical union of the burning substance with a gas that he named oxygen. See more »
Welsbach, Baron Carl Auer von (1858-1929), an Austrian chemist. During the 1880's in the laboratory of Robert Wilhelm Bunsen, inventor of the Bunsen burner, he did research on rare-earth elements and their compounds. See more »
Wohler, Friedrich (1800-1882), a German chemist. He was the first to create an organic substance from inorganic chemicals; in 1828 he heated ammonium cyanate, an inorganic compound, and created urea, a compound found in animal urine. See more »
Elion, Gertrude B. (1918-1999), a United States biochemist and pharmacologist. She shared with George Hitchings one half of the 1988 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine, awarded for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment. See more »
Haber, Fritz (1868-1934) was a German physical chemist most renowned for synthesizing ammonia from its essential elements, nitrogen and hydrogen, for which he won the 1918 Nobel Prize in chemistry. See more »