Alberts, Bruce (1938-) is an American biochemist who is recognized for his work in biochemistry and molecular biology. His major area of research has involved analyzing how chromosomes replicate. Aside from his research, one of Alberts's longtime interests has been the promotion of improved science education in the nation's elementary schools.

Alberts became president of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) in Washington, D.C., in 1993. He was reelected to a second term in 1999. As NAS president, Alberts has focused on improving the instruction of science and mathematics in the United States. He helped develop the National Science Education Standards, which describe what students should understand and be able to do in science at different grade levels. He also issued Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science, an Academy publication aimed at helping teachers introduce basic principles of biology. In the area of public policy, Alberts has urged scientists from around the world to take an active role in helping political leaders and the public make informed decisions and has worked to bring scientists together to study such global issues as population growth, the environment, and agriculture.

Bruce Michael Alberts was born on April 14, 1938, in Chicago. He received his doctorate from Harvard University in 1965. The following year, Alberts began teaching at Princeton University. In 1976, he joined the faculty of the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF), and in 1985 he was named chair of UCSF's department of biochemistry and physics. In 1987, Alberts founded the Science and Education Partnership (SEP) in San Francisco to support science education in local public schools. He is a principal author of The Molecular Biology of the Cell (1983). one of the most widely used college textbooks on molecular biology in the United States.