Carver, George Washington (1864?-1943), a United States black scientist and educator. He became world famous for his development of hundreds of new products from peanuts and other crops. Among the more than 145 products he developed from the peanut were flour, breakfast food, imitation coffee, and cosmetics. He also made new products from sweet potatoes, pecans, and soybeans. However, he left no written formulas for his products and none were produced commercially. His lasting achievement rests in his successful promotion of the peanut and sweet potato as alternate crops to cotton and tobacco, thus helping the South diversify its agriculture.
Carver was born on a farm near Diamond Grove, Missouri, of slave parents. From the age of 10 he supported himself. He received his B.S. and M.S. degrees from what is now Iowa State University. In 1896 he became a faculty member at Tuskegee Institute, a position he held the rest of his life. Carver was elected to the Hall of Fame for Great Americans in 1973. His birthplace is a national monument.