Gertrude B. Elion
Elion, Gertrude B. (1918-1999), a United States biochemist and pharmacologist. She shared with George Hitchings one half of the 1988 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine, awarded for their discoveries of important principles for drug treatment.
Elion graduated from Hunter College (1937) and received a master's degree in chemistry from New York University (1941). She became Hitchings' assistant at Burroughs Wellcome, a drug company, in 1944. Working together for 23 years, they developed drugs to treat herpes, malaria, and immune disorders, and to prevent the rejection of transplanted organs.