Adams, Roger (1889-1971), a United States organic chemist. Adams improved procedures for identifying new substances and developed new techniques of synthesis. He was one of the first to synthesize Butyn (butacaine), a local anesthetic. Adams was born in Boston. He received his B.A. from Harvard in 1909 and Ph.D. in 1912. He was at the University of Illinois, 1916-57, as professor of organic chemistry from 1919, and as head of the chemistry department from 1926. After World War II, Adams served as scientific adviser to the military governments in Germany and Japan.