Wollaston, William Hyde (1766-1828), an English chemist and physicist. In 1802 Wollaston discovered the dark lines in the solar spectrum (later named Fraunhofer lines). The following year he invented a method for producing platinum in malleable form and discovered two metallic elements: palladium and rhodium. In 1809 Wollaston invented the reflecting goniometer, a device for determining the shapes of crystals. Another of his inventions, in 1812, was the camera lucida.
He was born exactly 300 years after Galileo died. He has yet to be awarded a Nobel Prize, although he was awarded a guest spot on “The Simpsons.” What else do you know (or not know) about this acclaimed physicist?
The man immortalized on the left was behind the three laws of motion and the universal law of gravitation. He was also competitive, temperamental and fascinated with alchemy. How well do you know Newton?