Coffee Around the World
If you travel throughout the world to countries where coffee is the beverage of choice, you'll find that the tastes vary greatly.
- America - Most Americans still prefer a light roast; but with the popularity of Starbucks, darker roasts are becoming more common. Americans generally like their coffee with cream and sugar. Flavored coffees (which "taste" flavored only due to the aroma of the additive, not because the beans themselves are flavored in any way) are also popular.
- France - The dark roast called, appropriately, French roast, is popular. The French also like café au lait, a half-milk, half-coffee mixture.
- Austria - Viennese roast is a blend of two-thirds dark-roast beans and one-third regular roast (what's known as "European roast" flips those proportions).
- Italy - Italy is the home of espresso, which is coffee brewed by forcing steam through finely ground, dark-roasted coffee beans. Espresso is very strong. By adding frothed milk, espresso becomes such variations as cappuccino, macchiato and cafe latte.
- Turkey - A Turkish proverb calls coffee "Black as hell, strong as death, sweet as love." Turkish coffee is very finely ground (finer than espresso) and is brewed in little pots called ibriks or cezves. Turkish coffee is often spiced with cardamom, chicory or coriander.
- Cuba - Similar to espresso, café cubano is an extremely strong coffee that is not sipped -- it is shot, like tequila. In restaurants, Cuban coffee is served at the end of the meal in tiny tacitas, cups smaller than demitasse cups.
- Thailand - Thai coffee is a strong, chicory-tinged coffee served with ice and sweetened, condensed milk. To make it at home, add a tablespoon of sweetened, condensed milk to a 6-ounce cup of strong coffee and throw in some ice.
For more information on coffee and related topics, check out the links below.
Related HowStuffWorks Articles
- How Drip Coffee Makers Work
- How Espresso Machines Work
- How Caffeine Works
- How Chocolate Works
- How Nicotine Works
- How Winemaking Works
- How Performance-Enhancing Drugs Work
- How Your Kidneys Work
- How Sleep Works
- How Composting Works
- What is the difference between drip coffee and espresso?
- How are coffee, tea and colas decaffeinated?
- Why does caffeine keep you awake?
- Is there something in turkey that makes you sleepy?
- How do we get headaches?
- How does your sense of smell work?
More Great Links
- Planet Green: Green Coffee & Tea
- Kona Coffee/Bay View Farm Coffees
- National Geographic: Coffee
- National Coffee Association of the United States
- Coffee Science Source
- Food Network: Coffee
- The Coffee Source: Costa Rica
- Sortex Ltd. Coffee Sorters
- International Coffee Organization
- Speciality Coffee Association of America
- Starbucks Coffee
- Coffee Review: Coffee Buying Guide
- Green Mountain Coffees: Organic and Fair Trade Coffees
- Gloria Jean's Gourmet Coffees
- The Baltimore Coffee & Tea Company