Anemone, a genus of perennial plants of the buttercup family. Anemones are found in north temperate regions and are often called windflowers. The genus is made up of about 85 species, many of them popular garden plants.

There is much variation in height within the genus, from three inches (7.5 cm) to three feet (90 cm). The garden forms, such as the Japanese anemone, as well as the greenhouse forms, including the poppy anemone, are planted for their showy white, blue, red, or purple flowers. The flowers usually grow singly at the end of long stalks. Some anemones, such as the wood anemone, are familiar wildflowers. The pasqueflower is a plant of the anemone genus. )

The American wood anemone is Anemone quinquefolia ; the Japanese anemone, A. japonica ; the poppy anemone, A. coronaria. All belong to the buttercup or crowfoot family, Ranunculaceae.